ip address های خاص

ip address های خاص

ip address های خاص

اعداد باینری یا 1 هستند یا صفر

یعنی 0 و 1

ادرس ip brodcast

به صورت دسیمال و باینری ipv4

i.e. 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255

ip v6 binary & hexadesimal

0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 to FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF

0.0.0.0

defult network any connection


127.0.0.1

loopback address

::1

localhost


169.254.X.X

self-assigned IP address


destination:0.0.0.0 netmask:0.0.0.0

defult route

چیست 224.0.0.252

LLMNR

224.0.0.252 is an IPv4 address owned by IP multicast and located in

multicast ip 224.0.0.252 found in pc arp resolution

224.0.0.252: Link-local Multicast Name Resolution (LLMNR) address


Private IP Address Ranges

Address ranges below are reserved by IANA

10.0.0.0 ~ 10.255.255.255 (10.0.0.0/8 prefix)

172.16.0.0 ~ 172.31.255.255 (172.16.0.0/12 prefix)

192.168.0.0 ~ 192.168.255.255 (192.168.0.0/16 prefix)


Reserved and special use addresses:

0.0.0.0/8 – Current network (only valid as source address) RFC 1700

100.64.0.0 ~ 100.127.255.255 (100.64.0.0/10 prefix) carrier-grade NAT communication between service provider and subscribers

127.0.0.0 is reserved for loopback and IPC on the localhost.

127.0.0.1 ~ 127.255.255.254 (127.0.0.0/8) – loopback IP addresses (refers to self) RFC 5735

192.0.0.0/24 – reserved (IANA) RFC 5735

192.88.99.0/24 – IPv6 to IPv4 relay. RFC 3068

198.18.0.0/15 – network benchmark tests. RFC 2544

224.0.0.0 ~ 239.255.255.255 (224.0.0.0/4) reserved for multicast addresses. RFC 3171

240.0.0.0/4 – reserved (former Class E network) RFC 1700

255.255.255.255 is the limited broadcast address (limited to all other nodes on the LAN) RFC 919

ip address های خاص


255 in any part of the IP is reserved for broadcast addressing

0.0.0.0 in routing context means the default route (to “the rest of” the internet) RFC 1700

0.0.0.0 in the context of firewalls means “all addresses of the local machine” RFC 1700

ip address های خاص

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